For an island just over 200 square miles, Guam’s topography is as diverse as its people. Its landscape ranges from the limestone cliffs of the north to the cityscapes of the central region, to the grassy, clay-like mountains of the south – each offering ownership of the waters that border all.
Guam is also the largest of the more than 2,000 islands in the vast region of Micronesia. The region of consists of the modern political states: the Federated States of Micronesia containing all of the islands of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae; the Republic of Belau (or Palau); the Republic of the Marshall Islands; the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; and, parts of the Republic of Kiribati, Nauru, and Ocean Island.
Guam, being a tropical island, has a relatively humid and warm climate throughout the year. While high atmospheric humidity and high air temperatures in the 80-degree Fahrenheit range prevails, the island can be cooler during the months of December through April when the trade winds are strongest and the humidity is lower.
Typhoon weather conditions have always threatened Guam and the neighboring islands. Such storms ravage the landscape, uproot the tallest of trees and lay the terrain bare. But as always, the island and its people recover.
The last big storm hit Guam in December 2002, destroying homes and cutting off power and water to thousands of families for weeks.